After World War II, the Department of Defense began a serious research push into the fields of rocketry and upper atmosphere sciences to ensure American leadership in technology. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, in support of this effort, approved a plan to orbit a scientific satellite as part of the International Geophysical Year (IGY) for the period July 1, 1957 to December 31, 1958, a cooperative effort to gather scientific data about the Earth. Quickly, the Soviet Union jumped in, announcing plans to orbit its own satellite.
On July 29, 1958, President Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 establishing the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The fledgling National Aeronautics and Space Administration agency absorbed the earlier National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) which was a U.S. federal agency founded on March 3, 1915 to undertake, promote, and institutionalize aeronautical research. On October 1, 1958, the agency was dissolved, and its assets and personnel formed the core of the newly created National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
- Letter, Dr. Glennan to Eisenhower Regarding Budget Matters
- Letter, Dr. Glennan to Eisenhower Regarding Soviet Cooperation in Space Research
- Letter, Eisenhower to Dr. Glennan Accepting Resignation as Admin of NASA
- Letter, Maurice Stans to Eisenhower
- Memo for Dr. Killian, Notes on NASA
- Memo for Dr. Kistiakosky on 1961 Estimates
- Memo for Eisenhower Regarding Responsibility for Space Program
- Memo of Conference with the President, Dr. Killian
- Memo, Dr. Killian to Eisenhower RegardingFour Earth Satellites
- Memo, Dr. Killian to Eisenhower, Progress Report Regarding Missile and Satellite Programs
- Memo, Dr. Kistiakowsky to General Goodpaster, Satellite and Space Vehicle Operations
- Memo, Eisenhowers Meeting With Senator L.B. Johnson
- Memo, Responsibility and Orginization for Certain Space Activities
- Minutes of Cabinet Meeting, Aug. 15, 1958
- Minutes of Cabinet Meeting, May 15, 1959
- Minutes of Cabinet Meeting, Oct. 18, 1957
- Minutes of Cabinet Metting, March 14, 1958
- Statement by Eisenhower Regarding H.R. 12575
- Transcript of Press Conference Regarding Launching of Soviet Satellite
- 72-3381-1 (NPS) April 1, 1960 - Eisenhower and Dr. Glennan review photos transmitted from Satellite Tiros I.
- 72-3381-2 (NPS)April 1, 1960 - Eisenhower and Dr. T. Keith Glennan review photographs transmitted from Satellite Tiros I.
- 72-3549-14 (NPS) 9-8-60, DDE and others participate in the dedication of the George C. Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Al.
- 72-3549-27 (NPS)
- 72-3549-37 (NPS) September 8, 1960 - Eisenhower tours the George C. Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama.