Civil Rights, Little Rock School Desegregation

On May 17, 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education that segregated schools are "inherently unequal." In September 1957, as a result of that ruling, nine African-American students enrolled at Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. The ensuing struggle between segregationists and integrationists, the State of Arkansas and the federal government, President Dwight D. Eisenhower and Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus, has become known in modern American history as the "Little Rock Crisis." The crisis gained world-wide attention. When Governor Faubus ordered the Arkansas National Guard to surround Central High School to keep the nine students from entering the school, President Eisenhower ordered the 101st Airborne Division into Little Rock to insure the safety of the "Little Rock Nine" and that the rulings of the Supreme Court were upheld. 

  1. Documents
  2. Photographs
  1. Attachment to Rankin Letter Listing Plans for School Desegregation
  2. Diary, Notes Dictated by Eisenhower on Oct. 8, 2957
  3. Draft of Speech on Little Rock, Sept. 24, 1957
  4. Handwritten Notes by Eisenhower on Decision to Send Troops to Little Rock
  5. Lette, J. Lee Renkin to Sherman Adams
  6. Letter, Eisenhower to General Gruenther
  7. Letter, Eisenhower to Mr. W.B. Brown
  8. Letter, Eisenhower to Senator Russell
  9. Letter, Eisnhower to Congressman Harris
  10. Letter, Jackie Robinson to President Eisenhower
  11. Letter, President Eisenhower to Jackie Robinson
  12. Letter, President Eisenhower to Senator Stennis
  13. Press Release, Eisenhowers Telegram to Gov. Faubus
  14. Press, Executive Order 10730,
  15. Press, Proclamation 3204, Obstuction of Justice in Arkansas
  16. Press, Speech on Radio and TV by Pres. Eisenhower
  17. Press, Statements by Eisenhower and Faubus From Newport, RI
  18. Press, Statements by Eisenhower, Newport, RI Sept. 21, 1957
  19. Situation Report 218, Feb 17, 1958
  20. Situation Report No. 176
  21. Situation Report No. 211 Feb. 6, 1958
  22. Situation Report No. 217 Feb. 14, 1958
  23. Situation Report No. 226, Feb. 27, 1958
  24. Situation Report No. 233, March 10, 1958
  25. Telegram Mayor Mann to Eisenhower Sept. 23, 1957
  26. Telegram, Congressman Harris to Eisenhower
  27. Telegram, Gov. Faubus to Eisenhower Sept. 12, 1957
  28. Telegram, Mayor Mann to Eisenhower Sept. 24, 1957
  29. Telegram, Parents of the African American Students to Eisenhower
  30. Telegram, Senator Russel to Eisenhower
  31. Telegram, Senator Stennis to Eisenhower
  32. Telephone Call Sept. 25, 1957
  33. Telephone Calls, Sept. 24, 1957